First aid rules that we all do wrong!
Knowing the rules of first aid is an important life skill. However, some assistance tips, if done incorrectly, can, on the contrary, worsen the condition of the victim.
So, let’s figure out what the rules of first aid do 90% of people do wrong.
1. Hydrogen peroxide, iodine and medical alcohol cannot treat fresh wounds.
Why: peroxide corrodes the cells of the connective tissue, because of which the wound will heal much longer. Iodine and alcohol, getting on the damaged area, kills healthy cells, which can lead to severe pain shock and burns.
How to: rinse the wound with clean water, and then treat with a healing antibiotic ointment. Apply a bandage or patch on top only when absolutely necessary, because the tissue can get wet and make the wound moist, which will slow its healing.
2. Indirect cardiac massage can damage the lungs and even lead to fracture of the ribs.
Why: intensive or inept indirect heart massage can damage the ribs, which in the end will cause even more damage to the lung or heart.
That’s right: an indirect massage can be done only if the victim does not feel the pulse, he does not breathe, and there is no doctor nearby. The rhythm should be 100 compressions per minute, and artificial respiration can only be started when the heart starts.
Another massage option: 30 compressions and 2 breaths, and then repeat.
3. Paracetamol leads to liver problems
Why: it consists of acetaminophen, relieves pain, temperature and facilitates inflammatory processes. But, if you are too carried away by the use and dosage of Paracetamol, it can provoke a failure of the liver and kidneys.
That’s right: a single dose for adults is 1 gram, and the maximum daily dose is 4 grams. And yet, read the composition of antiviral and painkillers, because acetaminophen is a part of many drugs, because of which you can “go too far” with a daily dose and get poisoned.
4. When bleeding from the nose, do not throw your heads back and do not lie on your back
Why: if you throw your head back, blood pressure rises. In addition, blood can enter the lungs and cause vomiting.
Correct: Keep your head straight to lower your blood pressure and apply something cold to your nose. With the index and thumb, alternately (for 15 minutes) close the nostrils and breathe through the mouth.
If the bleeding does not stop, call an ambulance.
5. If an accident occurs, do not get the victim out of the car and do not shift to another position
Why: deaths from accidents occur mainly due to damage to the neck and spine.
Any change of position or “laying” the victim in a comfortable position can make him disabled or kill.
What is right: immediately call an ambulance and monitor the patient’s breathing before the doctors arrive.
6. In case of poisoning, do not drink medicines that will cause vomiting.
Why: vomiting drugs can cause burns to the esophagus, which can cause poisoned vomit to enter the lungs.
That’s right: call an ambulance, because the various causes of poisoning can have different effects on the body.
7. A tourniquet to stop bleeding can lead to amputation
Why: Incorrect or unnecessary application of a tourniquet can transmit limbs. As a result, the bleeding will not stop, but the blood circulation in the limbs will be disturbed, due to which tissue neurosis can occur.
Correct: Put a bandage of sterile gauze or a clean cloth on the wound, and then just hold it with force. The application of a tourniquet is appropriate only if the bleeding is very strong and poses a threat to life.
8. If a person has a seizure, do not put a spoon in his mouth or take out his tongue
Why: a person can swallow a foreign object or suffocate.
That’s right: epileptic seizures usually end on their own and are not capable of causing serious harm. It is important to make sure that the person does not get hurt about something and does not hit, and after the attack put the person on his side.
Do not worry, the person is physically incapable of swallowing the tongue, and if he bites, this is not a significant injury.
9. When bitten by a snake, poisonous insects and arthropods, do not suck out the poison
Why: poison mixed with saliva, when ingested, will only accelerate poisoning of the body, lead to pulmonary edema and cardiac arrest.
Correct: if the limb is damaged, take a horizontal position so that the bite is below the heart. Drink plenty of fluids and call an ambulance, describing in detail the condition of the victim and the cause.
No need to take a person to the nearest hospital – transportation can be life threatening.
10. Correctly give injections
It is impossible: to make an injection into a tense muscle, to insert a needle too deep under the skin. Again, you can not stab into any area of the muscle.